This volume draws together 25 primary documents through which readers may trace central themes in the long, complex story of religion and politics in American history. It is the first in a series of primary document collections intended to capture the depth and rich variety of American religious experiences and the ways in which such experiences relate to other social and political developments. The volumes, we hope, will open new pathways for investigating the course of American history in the conviction that as we learn to better understand the past, we are better equipped to face and shape our civic future.